How Many Types of Allergies Are There?


The allergy is an exaggerated reaction of our immune system to agents that for other people are harmless. When the body of the allergic person detects it immediately creates defenses to protect themselves. Although it occurs throughout the year, it is true that it identifies more with spring because of allergy to pollens and that currently affects 15% of the population.

There are many types of allergies and can be classified according to different variables such as the time of year in which they occur (autumn-winter, spring and summer) and the symptoms they generate (allergic rhinitis and asthma are responsible for the problems Respiratory, contact dermatitis and urticaria of skin problems and allergic conjunctivitis of the eyes).



What are the most common allergies?

They can also be cataloged according to the allergens that cause them. Let’s focus on this last classification to know better what types of allergy we can find:

  • One in two cases of allergic rhinitis is caused by these arachnids. The allergy to mites is a chronic disease, so the person may suffer more sudden outbreaks depending on whether they are in contact with mites. It is easily confused with a cold since its symptoms include sneezing, nasal congestion or itchy throat. Attached to the mites ismold, which forms in excessively humid places and causes allergic reactions and respiratory in the eyes.
  • It can be an allergy to grass pollen, olive or banana shade among other plants. It causes discomfort in the lungs, nose and throat and asthma and has a greater incidence in people living in cities. It is the most widespread allergy that exists.
  • It is a response of the immune system to the ingestion, contact or inhalation of certain foods or traces. The most allergenic foods are egg, milk, fish, seafood, nuts, cereals and fruits of hair. They affect children more than adults (8% pre-school age and 2% older children).
  • The symptoms that produce sun allergy are cutaneous: eruptions, eczema or urticaria. In most cases, it is not an allergy, but a direct action of the sun on the skin.
  • The hair and skin of animals can produce allergies. They cause respiratory and ocular symptoms (rhinitis, conjunctivitis, asthma, nasal congestion …). People with pets are more likely to develop an allergy to animals, because of the daily and constant contact they have with them.
  • 5% of the population is allergic to medicines. It is important to always tell the doctor if you know the allergy sufferers since contact with them can lead to anaphylaxis.
  • It produces skin symptoms such as dermatitis. There are many objects that contain this metal like coins, jewelry or keys.
  • Especially to the venom of bees and wasps, since the rest of mosquitos causes lighter damages. In people with allergies to these bites can cause reactions that spread throughout the body, causing severe anaphylactic shock.
  • People with allergies to this material have reactions such as dermatitis and even rhinoconjunctivitis or asthma.

The most common treatment for these allergies is antihistamines and topical corticosteroids. Prevention is important and allergic people are advised not to approach those who provoke this reaction, whether pollens, food, animals, etc.


If you suspect that you can have some kind of allergy ideally ask for an appointment with the allergist. This specialist will be in charge of finding out if you have any allergies, performing tests like the Prick Test, among others. So do not think about it anymore and go to the doctor. More reviews on